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Exchange Bias Relaxation in CoO-Biased Films



Robert McMichael, C Lee, Mark D. Stiles, F Serpa, P J. Chen, William F. Egelhoff Jr.


Because the memory of the bias direction is carried by the antiferromagnetic order in exchange biased films, the stability of the antiferromagnetic order is critical to the existence of the exchange bias field. Ferromagnetic resonance was used to measure the relaxation behavior of polycrystalline CoO films coupled to films of Ni80Fe20, probing the system on the time scale of the experiment, asymp} 103 s, and the time scale of the magnetic precession, 1.01 x 10-10 s. Unidirectional anisotropy (exchange biasing) and isotropic resonance field shifts are observed at the lowest temperatures. Above the apparent exchange bias blocking temperature, isotropic resonance field shifts persist. At still higher temperatures, diminishing resonance field shifts are accompanied by peaks in the FMR linewidth. The results highlight the effects of varying relaxation rates in the CoO relative to the two experimental time scales.
Journal of Applied Physics


anisotropy, antiferromagnetic, exchange bias relaxation, ferromagnetic resonance


McMichael, R. , Lee, C. , Stiles, M. , Serpa, F. , Chen, P. and Egelhoff Jr., W. (1999), Exchange Bias Relaxation in CoO-Biased Films, Journal of Applied Physics, [online], (Accessed July 19, 2024)


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Created December 31, 1998, Updated October 12, 2021