Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Evolution of Refrigerant Application

Published

Author(s)

Piotr A. Domanski

Abstract

The paper reviews the development of chlorofluorocarbon refrigerants, the implemented replacements of ozone-depleting fluids, other considered alternatives, and the prospect for next-generation refrigerants in response to climate change concerns. Convincing evidence suggests that any future refrigerants will have large molecules with high molar heat capacities resulting in a lower thermodynamic efficiency than that of the contemporary refrigerants. If refrigerant availability is not affected by regulatory measures, hydrofluorocarbon refrigerants should continue to dominate the market. Natural refrigerants will gain some market share in selected applications. The search for new and the refinement of mature technologies will continue to produce environmentally friendly solutions for the future.
Conference Dates
May 4-5, 1999
Conference Location
Milano, IT
Conference Title
International Congress on Refrigeration

Keywords

air conditioning, alternative refrigerants, building technology, refrigeration, vapor-compresion cycle

Citation

Domanski, P. (1999), Evolution of Refrigerant Application, International Congress on Refrigeration, Milano, IT, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=860786 (Accessed June 12, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created May 1, 1999, Updated February 19, 2017