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The era of coherent optical frequency references



Leo W. Hollberg, Christopher W. Oates, Scott Diddams, G Wilpers, A Bartels, C Hoyt, Zeb Barber


The past four years have shown a dramatic improvement in the performance of optical frequency references and in the methods by which they are calibrated and utilized. These revolutionary changes result from better stabilized lasers that probe narrow-linewidth transitions in laser-cooled atoms and ions, and from the development of a convenient method for synthesizing, measuring, and distributing optical frequencies based on mode-locked lasers.
Proceedings Title
SOFM, Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements
Conference Dates
September 28-30, 2004
Conference Location
Boulder, CO, USA
Conference Title
SOFM, Symp. on Optical Fiber Measurements


atomic clocks, optical combs, optical frequency standards, wavelength references


Hollberg, L. , Oates, C. , Diddams, S. , Wilpers, G. , Bartels, A. , Hoyt, C. and Barber, Z. (2004), The era of coherent optical frequency references, SOFM, Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements, Boulder, CO, USA, [online], (Accessed July 22, 2024)


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Created September 28, 2004, Updated October 12, 2021