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Epoxy Clay Hybrid (ECH) Nanocomposites: Strategies for the Dispersion of Clay Platelets in Amine-Cured Eposy Resins



Gale A. Holmes, Karen Ford


A brief review of the research literature that deals with the exfoliation of montmorillonite clay exchanged with omega-amino acid and long-chain alkylamines is presented. From this review data, clay-matrix adhesion, in addition to clay-platelet dispersion, are consider as critical-path parameters for the development of structural nanocomposites. In an attempt to identify a suitable functionalized clay surface, we assess the feasibility of using omega-hydroxylamines as a potential candidate to fullfill these two requirements. In this research, readily available short-chain omega-hydroxylamines amines and alkylamines of comparable chain length are ion exchanged with the Na+ ions on the clay surface. X-Ray Diffraction data revealed that the basal spacing of the two classes of ammonium salts are very similar, suggesting that omega-hydroxylamines of suitable chain length may provide a route for enhancing the adhesion between the clay platelets and the epoxy amine matrix, while promoting dispersion during the epoxy-amine chemical reaction.
Proceedings Title
Proceedings of the American Society for Composites
Conference Dates
September 9-12, 2001
Conference Location
Blacksburg, VA
Conference Title
Sixteenth Technical Conference


adhesion, ammonium salt, clay, dispersion, epoxy, montmorillonite, nanocomposite, review, X-Ray diffraction


Holmes, G. and Ford, K. (2001), Epoxy Clay Hybrid (ECH) Nanocomposites: Strategies for the Dispersion of Clay Platelets in Amine-Cured Eposy Resins, Proceedings of the American Society for Composites, Blacksburg, VA, [online], (Accessed June 16, 2024)


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Created September 12, 2001, Updated February 19, 2017