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Enthalpy of Solution and Kovats Retention Indices for Nitroaromatic Compounds on Stationary Phases Using Gas Chromatography

Published

Author(s)

Jeffrey Caulfield, Thomas J. Bruno, Keith E. Miller

Abstract

Worldwide terrorism has recently resulted in increased efforts to detect and identify explosive residues.Availability of experimentally determined thermochemical data for explosive compounds and their degradation products is limited, however. Gas chromatography was used to determine the enthalpy of solution, ΔsolH, for a series of nitroaromatic explosives and explosive degradation products including nitrobenzene, 2-nitrotoluene, 3-nitrotoluene, 4-nitrotoluene, 1,2-dinitrobenzene, 1,3-dinitrobenzene, 1,4-dinitrobenzene, 2,4-dinitrotoluene, 2,6-dinitrotoluene, 3,4-dinitrotoluene, 3,5-dinitrotoluene, 1,3,5-trinitrobenzene, and 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene. Four polar stationary phases (by mass composition), namely, 80 % dimethyl + 20 % diphenyl polysiloxane, 14 % cyanopropylphenyl + 86 % dimethyl polysiloxane, 50 % phenyl + 50 % methylpolysiloxane, and 100 % polyethylene glycol, were evaluated with the 13 nitroaromatic compounds. Isothermal Kova¿ts retention indices are also reported for the nitroaromatics as well as the ΔsolH of several n-alkanes. Enthalpies reported herein were computed over a wide temperature range, thus net retention volumes are also tabulated to facilitate the specific needs of interested readers.
Citation
Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data
Volume
54
Issue
6

Keywords

enthalpy of solution, explosives, Kovats retention index

Citation

Caulfield, J. , Bruno, T. and Miller, K. (2008), Enthalpy of Solution and Kovats Retention Indices for Nitroaromatic Compounds on Stationary Phases Using Gas Chromatography, Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=50354 (Accessed May 18, 2024)

Issues

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Created May 31, 2008, Updated October 12, 2021