Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Enhanced Water Splitting Performance of Potassium-Adsorbed Titania Nanotube Arrays

Published

Author(s)

Christiaan Richter, Cherno Jaye, Eugen Panaitescu, Daniel A. Fischer, Laura H. Lewis, Ronald J. Willey, Latika Menon

Abstract

It is demonstrated that vertically-aligned titania nanotube planar arrays fabricated by electrochemical anodization using standard potassium-containing electrolytes invariably contain a significant amount of surface-adsorbed potassium ions that enhance the titania water splitting (photoelectrochemical) performance. Synhcrotron-based Near Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (NEXAFS)spectroscopy reveals the strong ionic nature of surface potassium-titania nanotubes through reduction of the external electrical bias needed to produce hydrogen at maximum efficiency. This result implies that the external electrical energy input required per liter of solar hydrogen produced with potassium-adsorbed titania nanotubes is also reduced. Specifically, it is demonstrated that potassium-modified titania nanotubes require about one-thired (0.4) of the electrical energy input in comparison with potassium-free nanotubes to produce the same amount of hydrogen. Tailoring the potassium content may thus be an efficient means to fine-tune the photoelectrochemical response of TiO2 nanotube-based PEC electrodes.
Citation
Journal of Materials Chemistry
Volume
19

Keywords

nanotubes, NEXAFS, photoelectrochemical, titania

Citation

Richter, C. , Jaye, C. , Panaitescu, E. , Fischer, D. , Lewis, L. , Willey, R. and Menon, L. (2009), Enhanced Water Splitting Performance of Potassium-Adsorbed Titania Nanotube Arrays, Journal of Materials Chemistry (Accessed May 29, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created December 6, 2009, Updated October 12, 2021