Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Energy Transfer Effects During the Multichannel Decomposition of Ethanol



Wing Tsang


Rate constants and expressions for the initial processes in the decomposition of ethanol have been derived on the basis of existing experimental and estimated results. Energy transfer effects on the multichannel decomposition processes have been determined through the solution of the master equation and on the basis of exponential down and step ladder collisional transition models. The predominant (lower threshold) channel is unaffected by the presence of the upper channels and results for the two transition models can be brought into correspondence by using a somewhat higher value for the step size down parameter in the step ladder model. For the upper channels and with an exponential down model, the logarithms of the ratio of the rate constants between perturbed and unperturbed systems can be captured by a sigmoidal shaped curve. In the case of the step ladder model, the logarithms of this ratio decreases monotonically. Initially, differences between the two models are small (after adjusting the step size down parameter). The results are compared with the recent simulations of Marinov. The order of magnitude differences in rate constants have been traced to the inclusion in the present study of experimental results pertaining to decomposition and the reverse combination processes in addition to the proper treatment of energy transfer effects during multichannel decompositions. Some observations regarding the parameterization of this type of pressure dependent data for use in simulations are presented.
International Journal of Chemical Kinetics
No. 8


bond cleavage, ethanol, exponential-down, molecular elimination, multi-channel reaction, step-ladder, unimolecular decomposition


Tsang, W. (2004), Energy Transfer Effects During the Multichannel Decomposition of Ethanol, International Journal of Chemical Kinetics (Accessed April 14, 2024)
Created August 1, 2004, Updated June 2, 2021