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Electronics for a Next-Generation SQUID-Based Time-Domain Multiplexing System



Carl D. Reintsema, Gene C. Hilton, Kent D. Irwin, Joseph S. Adams, Robert Baker, Simon R. Bandler, William B. Doriese, Enectali Figueroa-Feliciano, Richard L. Kelly, Caroline A. Kilbourne, F. S. Porter, Jeff Krinsky, Patrick Wikus


A decade has elapsed since the design, development and realization of a SQUID-based time-division multiplexer at NIST. During this time the system has been used extensively for low-temperature-detector-array measurements. Concurrently, there have been substantial advancements both in detector array and commercial electronic component technology. The relevance and applicability of the technology has blossomed as well, often accompanied by more demanding measurement requirements. These factors have motivated a complete redesign of the NIST room-temperature read-out electronics. The redesign has leveraged advancements in component technology to achieve new capabilities better suited to the SQUID multiplexers and detector arrays being realized today. As examples of specific performance enhancements, the overall system bandwidth has been increased by a factor of four (a row switching rate of 6.24 MHz), the compactness has been increased by over a factor of two (a higher number of detector columns and rows per circuit board), and there are two high speed outputs per column (allowing fast switching of SQUID offsets in addition to digital feedback). The system architecture, design implementations, and performance advantages of the new system will be discussed. As an application example, the science chain flight electronics for the Micro-X High Resolution Microcalorimeter X-ray Imaging Rocket will be described as both a motivation for, and a direct implementation of the new system.
AIP Conference Proceedings


SQUID, multiplexing, instrumentation, transition edge sensor


Reintsema, C. , Hilton, G. , Irwin, K. , Adams, J. , Baker, R. , Bandler, S. , Doriese, W. , Figueroa-Feliciano, E. , Kelly, R. , Kilbourne, C. , Porter, F. , Krinsky, J. and Wikus, P. (2009), Electronics for a Next-Generation SQUID-Based Time-Domain Multiplexing System, AIP Conference Proceedings, [online], (Accessed April 18, 2024)
Created December 16, 2009, Updated February 19, 2017