The kilogram is the only remaining base unit in the International System of Units (SI) whose definition is based on a single physical artifact rather than on fundamental properties of nature. Effects such as environmental contamination or material loss from surface cleaning are causing the true mass of the International Prototype Kilogram to drift (by about 5 parts in 108 per century), relative to sister prototypes. The equivalence of electrical and mechanical power provides a possible alternate measurement of mass in terms of other units that are based on fundamental quantum mechanical principles, such as the speed of light, the Josephson voltage, and the quantum Hall resistance. This provides a possible time-invariant definition of mass.
Tech. Dig., IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium
absolute ampere, balance, fundamental constants, kilogram, mass standard, watt
The Electronic Kilogram, Tech. Dig., IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium, Phoenix, AZ, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=16730
(Accessed December 6, 2023)