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Electric Field Tuning of the Surface Band Structure of Topological Insulator Sb2Te3 Thin Films



Joseph A. Stroscio, Jeonghoon Ha, Niv Levy, Young Kuk, Tong Zhang


We studied the response of the surface state spectrum of epitaxial Sb2Te3 thin films to applied gate electric fields by low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy. The gate dependence of the shift in the Fermi level and screening effect from bulk carriers were measured as function of film thickness. We observed a gap opening at the Dirac point for films thinner than four quintuple layers, due to the coupling of the top and bottom surfaces. Moreover, the top surface state band gap of the three quintuple layer films was found to be tunable by back gate, indicating the possibility of observing a topological phase transition in this system. Our results are well understood by an effective model of 3D topological insulator thin films with structure inversion asymmetry, and we conclude that three quintuple layer Sb2Te3 films are topologically nontrivial and belong to the quantum spin Hall insulator class.
Physical Review Letters


Topological insulator, scanning tunneling microscopy, cscanning tunneling spectroscopy


Stroscio, J. , Ha, J. , Levy, N. , Kuk, Y. and Zhang, T. (2013), Electric Field Tuning of the Surface Band Structure of Topological Insulator Sb2Te3 Thin Films, Physical Review Letters, [online], (Accessed April 16, 2024)
Created July 30, 2013, Updated November 10, 2018