Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Effects of Octahedral Tilting on the Site of Substitution of Manganese in CaTiO3



Russell Maier, Kevin Garrity, Matthew P. Donohue, Andrzej Ozarowski, Igor Levin


Combined electron-paramagnetic-resonance and X-ray absorption spectroscopies with first principles calculations were used to investigate the substitutional behavior of Mn ions in perovskite CaTiO3 ceramics. While transition-metal dopants in perovskite-structured oxides often act as aliovalent defects, Mn in CaTiO3 is amphoteric and regardless of processing conditions concurrently occupies both Ca and Ti sites as Mn2+ and Mn4+, respectively. Contrary to the redox behavior of Mn in SrTiO3 and BaTiO3, which exhibit larger geometric perovskite tolerance factors, in CaTiO3, high-temperature treatments under reducing conditions do not transform Mn4+ to Mn2+. Density functional theory calculations provide insight to the unique defect chemistry of Mn-doped CaTiO3 compared to SrTiO3 and BaTiO3, highlighting the role of octahedral rotations which accommodate ionic size mismatch between the larger host and smaller dopant cations on the cuboctahedral sites without any significant dopant-ion displacements.
ACTA Materialia


Point Defect, Perovskite, EPR, DFT, XANES, EXAFS


Maier, R. , Garrity, K. , Donohue, M. , Ozarowski, A. and Levin, I. (2021), Effects of Octahedral Tilting on the Site of Substitution of Manganese in CaTiO3, ACTA Materialia, [online], (Accessed April 24, 2024)
Created January 22, 2021, Updated June 13, 2023