Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Effect of Annealing Condition and Composition on the Scratch Behavior of Fluorinated Coatings



Li Piin Sung, Aaron M. Forster, K Wood


Fluorinated and acrylic coatings are commonly used as binders for exterior coatings because of their excellent resistance to UV radiation and many corrosive chemical agents. It is known that the fluorinated component of the coating usually has a lower glass transition temperature and easily forms a crystalline structure in the final product depending upon the blend composition and sample annealing conditions. The resulting surface may be rough/soft or smooth/brittle, making the evaluation of the scratch resistance and fracture behavior challenging. In this study, we investigate the effect of blend composition and annealing (slow and fast cooling) on the surface mechanical properties and scratch behavior of a poly(vinylidene fluoride)/poly(methyl methacrylate-co-ethyl acrylate) PVDF/P(MMA-co-EA) coating. Instrumented indentation was used to measure the surface elastic modulus and hardness, and also served as a single-probe scratch testing instrument. The scratch results, in terms of the elastic–plastic transition and deformation profiles obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM), were correlated to the surface mechanical properties and relevant bulk material properties such as glass transition temperature to understand the overall scratch behavior of the PVDF/P(MMA-co-EA) coatings.
Conference Dates
October 15-16, 2008
Conference Location
Chicago, IL
Conference Title
FCST-NPCA FutureCoat! 2008 Conference Porceeding


elastic modulus, fluoropolymer, glass transition temperature, laser scanning confocal microscopy, instrumented indentation, surface morphology, scratch behavior


Sung, L. , Forster, A. and Wood, K. (2008), Effect of Annealing Condition and Composition on the Scratch Behavior of Fluorinated Coatings, FCST-NPCA FutureCoat! 2008 Conference Porceeding, Chicago, IL (Accessed June 23, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created September 24, 2008, Updated February 19, 2017