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Economics of Interoperability in the Context of Smart Grid Architectures



Cheyney O'Fallon, Avi Gopstein


Technological change in the electric power sector has progressed rapidly and there now is need for the development and evaluation of new smart grid architectures. This special publication discusses the current conditions of the U.S. electric grid and the economics of interoperability within the context of five representative architectural tracks developed by Pacific Northwest National Labs.
Special Publication (NIST SP) - 1900-604
Report Number


Interoperability, Platforms, Smart Grid, Electricity, Critical Infrastructure, Network Effects, Transaction Costs, Technological Change, Decentralization, Microgrid, Resilience, Converged Networks


O'Fallon, C. and Gopstein, A. (2019), Economics of Interoperability in the Context of Smart Grid Architectures, Special Publication (NIST SP), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed April 18, 2024)
Created December 15, 2019, Updated October 12, 2021