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Discrete Event Simulation as Requirements Specification for Sustainable Manufacturing Systems Design



Bjoern J. Johansson, Anders Skoogh, Mahesh Mani, Swee K. Leong


A sustainable manufacturing systems design using processes, methodologies, and technologies that are energy efficient and environmental friendly is desirable and essential for a sustainable development of products and services. Every effort must be made to create and maintain such sustainable manufacturing systems.. Discrete Event Simulation (DES) in combination with Lifecycle Assessment (LCA) system can be utilized to evaluate how a manufacturing system will perform taking into account environmental measures before actual construction or use of the manufacturing system. In this paper, we present a case study on how DES can be utilized to define requirements specification for manufacturing systems in the early stages of the design phase. The case study incorporates use of LCA data in combination with DES. Data for the model in the case study is partly provided through the format supported by the Core Manufacturing Simulation Data (CMSD) standardization effort. The case study develops a prototype paint shop model, and incorporates alternate decisions on energy use, choice of machines, and environmental bottleneck detection. The study results indicate the potential use of utilizing DES in combination with LCA data as requirements specification for designing sustainable manufacturing systems.
Proceedings Title
Proceedings of the PerMIS'09 Conference
Conference Dates
September 21-October 23, 2009
Conference Location
Gaithersburg, MD, US


Discrete Event Simulation, Lifecycle Assessment, Design for Sustainability, Manufacturing system design, Standardization


Johansson, B. , Skoogh, A. , Mani, M. and Leong, S. (2009), Discrete Event Simulation as Requirements Specification for Sustainable Manufacturing Systems Design, Proceedings of the PerMIS'09 Conference, Gaithersburg, MD, US, [online], (Accessed April 22, 2024)
Created December 3, 2009, Updated October 12, 2021