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DIC Challenge 2.0: Developing Images and Guidelines for Evaluating Accuracy and Resolution of 2D Analyses: Focus on the Metrological Efficiency Indicator



Philip Reu, EMC Jones, S.S. Fayad, B. Blaysat, E. Toussaint, Mark Iadicola, P. Lava, J Rethore, J. Yang, K. Bhattacharya, L. Yang, D. Deb, C.S.R. Vemulapati, M Klein, E Ando, E Roubin, O. Stamati, C Couture, Alexander Landauer, M. Liu, S Jaminion, T. Siebert, S.N. Olufsen


Background The DIC Challenge 2.0 follows on from the work accomplished in the first Digital Image Correlation (DIC) Challenge Reu et al. (Experimental Mechanics 58(7):1067, 1). The second challenge was required to better quantify the spatial resolution of 2D-DIC codes. Objective The goal of this paper is to outline the methods and images for the 2D-DIC community to use to evaluate the performance of their codes and improve the implementation of 2D-DIC. Methods This paper covers the creation of the new challenge images and the analysis and discussion of the results. It proposes a method of unambiguously defining spatial resolution for 2D-DIC and explores the tradeoff between displacement and strain noise (or measurement noise) and spatial resolution for a wide variety of DIC codes by a combination of the images presented here and a performance factor called Metrological Efficiency Indicator (MEI). Results The performance of the 2D codes generally followed the expected theoretical performance, particularly in the measurement of the displacement. The comparison did however show that even with fairly uniform displacement performance, the calculation of the strain spatial resolution varied widely. Conclusions This work provides a useful framework for understanding the tradeoff and analyzing the performance of the DIC software using the provided images. It details some of the unique errors associated with the analysis of these images, such as the Pattern Induced Bias (PIB) and imprecision introduced through the strain calculation method. Future authors claiming improvements in 2D accuracy are encouraged to use these images for an unambiguous comparison.
Experimental Mechanics


Digital image correlation, DIC, DIC Challenge, metrology, full-field measurement


Reu, P. , Jones, E. , Fayad, S. , Blaysat, B. , Toussaint, E. , Iadicola, M. , Lava, P. , Rethore, J. , Yang, J. , Bhattacharya, K. , Yang, L. , Deb, D. , Vemulapati, C. , Klein, M. , Ando, E. , Roubin, E. , Stamati, O. , Couture, C. , Landauer, A. , Liu, M. , Jaminion, S. , Siebert, T. and Olufsen, S. (2022), DIC Challenge 2.0: Developing Images and Guidelines for Evaluating Accuracy and Resolution of 2D Analyses: Focus on the Metrological Efficiency Indicator, Experimental Mechanics, [online],, (Accessed May 25, 2024)


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Created January 4, 2022, Updated November 29, 2022