Development and characterization of a High Sensitivity Segmented Fast Neutron Spectrometer (FaNS-2)
T.J. Langford, E J. Beise, H Breuer, Craig Heimbach, G Ji, Jeffrey S. Nico
We present the development of a segmented fast neutron spectrometer (FaNS-2) based upon plastic scintillator and He-3 proportional counters. It was designed to measure both the flux and spectrum of fast neutrons in the energy range of few MeV to 1 GeV. FaNS-2 utilizes capture-gated spectroscopy to identify neutron events and reject backgrounds. Neutrons deposit energy in the plastic scintillator before capturing on a He-3 nucleus in the proportional counters. Segmentation improves neutron energy reconstruction while the large volume of scintillator increases sensitivity to low neutron fluxes. A main goal of its design is to study comparatively low neutron fluxes, such as cosmogenic neutrons at the Earth's surface, in an underground environment, or from low- activity neutron sources. In this paper, we present details of its design and construction as well as its characterization with a calibrated Cf-252 source and monoenergetic neutron fields of 2.5 MeV and 14 MeV. Detected monoenergetic neutron spectra are unfolded using a Singular Value Decomposition method, demonstrating a 5% energy resolution at 14 MeV. Finally, we discuss plans for measuring the surface and underground cosmogenic neutron spectra with FaNS-2.
Journal of Instrumentation
neutron spectrometer, monoenergetic neutrons, He-3, Singular Value Decomposition
, Beise, E.
, Breuer, H.
, Heimbach, C.
, Ji, G.
and Nico, J.
Development and characterization of a High Sensitivity Segmented Fast Neutron Spectrometer (FaNS-2), Journal of Instrumentation
(Accessed October 3, 2023)