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Detection of Dynamical Transitions in Hydrogenous Materials using Transmission Measurements with Very Cold Neutrons

Published

Author(s)

Kristina Verdal, Terrence J. Udovic, John R. Copley, John J. Rush

Abstract

We have tested the transmission of very cold neutrons as a method to measure dynamical transitions in hydrogenous materials. Transmitted intensities vs. temperature at 30 Å neutron wavelength were measured for four materials which undergo phase transformations associated with changes in dynamics: ammonium iodide, sodium borohydride, hexamethylbenzene, and dicesium dodecohydro-closo-dodecaborate. In some cases, neutron vibrational spectra above and below the transformation temperature are compared to the transmission results. The measurements show changes in transmission at or near the transition for all these compounds, reflecting dynamical changes. The results demonstrate that the transmission method is sensitive to motional changes due to a wide range of structural transitions, from first-order to much more subtle order-disorder effects and for both small molecular species and larger molecules. The technique is valuable for rapid (ca. hours) scans of new materials to guide neutron inelastic scattering experiments or to complement the results of other techniques.
Citation
Journal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume
184

Keywords

neutron cross section, phase transformations, neutron transmission measurements, dynamical transitions

Citation

, K. , Udovic, T. , Copley, J. and Kasianowicz, J. (2011), Detection of Dynamical Transitions in Hydrogenous Materials using Transmission Measurements with Very Cold Neutrons, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=909084 (Accessed May 20, 2024)

Issues

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Created August 6, 2011, Updated February 19, 2017