Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Dependence of noise in magnetic tunnel junction sensors on annealing field and temperature

Published

Author(s)

Stephen E. Russek, David P. Pappas, Sean Halloran, Lu Yuan, Sy-Hwang Liou, Rui Zhang

Abstract

The minimum detectable field of magnetoresistive sensors is limited by their intrinsic noise. Magnetization fluctuations are one of the crucial noise sources and are related to the magnetization alignment at the antiferromagnetic – ferromagnetic interface. In this study, we investigated the low frequency noise of magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) annealed in the temperature range from 265°C to 305°C and magnetic fields up to 7 T, either in helium or hydrogen environments. Our results indicate that the magnetic fluctuators in these MTJs changed their frequency based on annealing field and temperature.  The noise of the MTJs at low frequency can be reduced by annealing under high magnetic field (7 T) and further improved by annealing in a hydrogen environment.
Citation
Journal of Applied Physics
Volume
103

Keywords

magnetic noise, magnetic sensors, magnetic tunnel junctions
Created March 7, 2008, Updated February 19, 2017