Densities of Phenols, Aldehydes, Ketones, Carboxylic Acids, Amines, Nitriles, and Nitrohydrocarbons
Michael D. Frenkel, X Hong, Qian Dong, Xinjian Yan, Robert D. Chirico
The present volume contains densities for phenols, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, amines, nitriles, and nitrohydrocarbons both fully saturated and with various extents of unsaturation which have been collected from the literature published from 1870 to early 2001. It continues the effort of Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) in evaluation of the densities of organic compounds previously resulted in a simlar monographs for alkanes, alkynes, alkadienes, monocyclic non-aromatic hydrocarbons, polycyclic hydrocarbons, non-cyclic alcohols, esters, and ethers. All experimental density values have been evaluated critically and assighned numerical uncertainties individually. These assessments have been used to derive an equation to fit the data and to obtain recommended values with uncertainties. Detailed evaluation procedures appear in Chapter 1. Algorithms for the automatic selection of data used in the fit and for the selection of the type of equation and order of polynomial have been developed. The algorithms depend upon the assigned uncertainties, the distribution of density values over the experimental temperature range, and the magnitude and distribution of differences between observed and smoothed values. These algorithms can fit any kind of data to function of independent variables. The monograph encompasses the recommended data for 746 compounds, based on the data sets drawn from more than 1,200 sources. The volume contains eight chapters; a list of references, and two indexes (Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number Index and Chemical Name Index). Chapter 1 contains: a short introduction; a description of the tables; a detailed description of the methods used in the evaluation, selection and smoothing process; a glossary of symbols and a description of the order of compounds. Chapter 2 covers the phenols, Chapter 3, the aldehydes, Chapter 4 - the ketones, Chapter 5, the carboxylic acids, Chapter 6 the amines, Chapter 7, nitriles, - Chapter 8 contains the data for nitrohydrocarbons. The tables contain the original literature data along with their estimated uncertainties and the evaluated data in both numerical formand as coefficients to equations with selected statistical information, When data cover a sufficient temperature range, graphical plots of the deviations of the experimental data from the recommended equation are given. The chemical name index contains the IUPAC names for the compounds, as well as alternate names that often appear in practice.
Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Compounds and their Mixtures: Densities of Phenols, Aldehydes, Ketones, Carboxylic Acids, Amines, Nitriles, and Nitrohydrocarbons