Decoherence of Quantum Superpositions Through Coupling to Engineering Reservoirs
C J. Myatt, B E. King, Q A. Turchette, C A. Sackett, D Kielpinski, Wayne M. Itano, W M. Monroe, David J. Wineland
The theory of quantum mechanics applies to closed systems. In such ideal situations, a single atom can, for example, exist simultaneously in a superposition of two different spatial locations. In contrast, real systems always interact with their environment, with the consequence that macroscopic quantum superpositions (as illustrated by the 'Schrödinger's cat' thought experiment) are not observed. Moreover, macroscopic superpositions decay so quickly that even the dynamics of decoherence cannot be observed. However, mesoscopic systems offer the possibility of observing the decoherence of such quantum superpositions. Here we present measurements of the decoherence of superposed motional states of a single trapped atom. Decoherence is induced by coupling the atom to engineered reservoirs, in which the coupling and state of the environment are controllable. We perform three experiments, finding that the decoherence rate scales with the square of a quantity describing the amplitude of the superposition state.
, King, B.
, Turchette, Q.
, Sackett, C.
, Kielpinski, D.
, Itano, W.
, Monroe, W.
and Wineland, D.
Decoherence of Quantum Superpositions Through Coupling to Engineering Reservoirs, Nature, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=105038
(Accessed October 18, 2021)