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Cyber-Physical Systems Framework



David A. Wollman


Two worlds that have operated independently—the digital and physical worlds—are now merging, creating opportunities that will transform many sectors of our society. These new smart systems are based on engineered interacting networks of physical and computational components, and are described by names such as the Internet of Things (IoT), Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS), the Industrial Internet, Smart Cities, the Internet of Everything, and more. Regardless of the terminology, however, there is wide agreement that the economic and societal implications are enormous. Estimates such as a recent study by the McKinsey Global Institute, “The Internet of Things: Mapping the Value Beyond the Hype,” predict potential economic impacts of several trillions of dollars per year in ten years.
NEMA Electroindustry Journal


Internet of Things, Cyber-Physical Systems, Industrial Internet, Smart Cities


Wollman, D. (2015), Cyber-Physical Systems Framework, NEMA Electroindustry Journal, [online], (Accessed June 24, 2024)


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Created November 2, 2015, Updated February 19, 2017