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Crystal Asymmetry Induces Single-Atom Chain Formation in Gold Nanowires

Published

Author(s)

Francesca Tavazza, A Hasmy, Lyle E. Levine, Anne M. Chaka, Luis C. Rincon, M Marquez, Carlos A. Gonzalez

Abstract

We performed density functional theory and tight-binding molecular dynamics calculations to investigate the formation of suspended linear atom chains when stretching gold nanowires along the [110] crystal orientation. We determined that the chain formation can occur only when the crystal symmetry is broken in the early stages of the elongation process. Such crystallographic asymmetry can be induced by stretching the wire along a slightly off-axis tensile direction or by introducing thermal fluctuations. Our observation of the off-axis formation of these chains agrees with experimental findings.
Citation
Physical Review Letters

Keywords

density functional theroy, goold, molecular dynamics, nanowire, tensile deformation, tight binding

Citation

Tavazza, F. , Hasmy, A. , Levine, L. , Chaka, A. , Rincon, L. , Marquez, M. and Gonzalez, C. (2008), Crystal Asymmetry Induces Single-Atom Chain Formation in Gold Nanowires, Physical Review Letters (Accessed December 3, 2022)
Created October 16, 2008