Convective Heat Transfer Coefficients for Near-Horizontal Two-Phase Flow of Nitrogen and Hydrogen at Low Mass and Heat Flux
N T. Van Dresar, James D. Siegwarth, M M. Hasan
Correlations for convective heat transfer coefficients are reported for two-phase flow of nitrogen and hydrogen under low mass and heat flux conditions. The range of flow rates, heat flux and tube diameter are representative of thermodynamic vent systems (TVSs) planned for propellant tank pressure control in spacecraft operating over long durations in microgravity environments. Experiments were conducted in normal gravity with a 1.5 upflow configuration. The Nusselt number exhibits peak values near transition from laminar to turbulent flow based on the vapor Reynolds number. This transition closely coincides with a flow pattern transition from plug to slug flow. The Nusselt number was correlated using components of the Martinelli parameter and a liquid-only Froude number. Separate correlating equations were fitted to the laminar liquid/laminar vapor and laminar liquid/turbulent vapor flow data. The correlations give root-mean-squared prediction errors within 15%.
heat transfer, space cryogenics, two-phase flow
Van Dresar, N.
, Siegwarth, J.
and Hasan, M.
Convective Heat Transfer Coefficients for Near-Horizontal Two-Phase Flow of Nitrogen and Hydrogen at Low Mass and Heat Flux, Cryogenics
(Accessed December 8, 2023)