Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

A Consilience-based Approach to Engineering Services in Global Supply Chains



Albert W. Jones


Technology life cycles are becoming shorter as is the time for those technologies to become ubiquitous in the society. The Industrial Revolution took about 150 years; but the computer revo-lution took only 50 years. Cell phones, which hit the market in the early 1980s took only 25 years to become a global phenomenon. Computers and cell phones are two examples of a grow-ing number of products that marry hardware, software, communications, and physical compo-nents into what are called cyber physical systems. Even though humans are, for the most part, only users of these systems, they are already having a considerable impact on the evolution of society. In this paper, we focus on the next stage of that evolution, cyber-physical systems. We also focus on changes in how these systems are engineered. Formally designed only by OEMs, these systems are now engineered across the supply chain. A number of companies now provide engi-neering services. We discussed a number of existing approaches to systems engineering and concluded that they are inadequate. Finally, we propose a new, consilience-based approach that draws on the disciplines and practices that can inform and help resolve those inadequacies.
Proceedings Title
Proceedings of Advanced Production Management Systems
Conference Dates
September 9-12, 2013
Conference Location
State College, PA


concilience, systems engineering, supply chain


Jones, A. (2013), A Consilience-based Approach to Engineering Services in Global Supply Chains, Proceedings of Advanced Production Management Systems, State College, PA, [online], (Accessed May 29, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created September 12, 2013, Updated January 27, 2020