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Connection Between Surface Magnetism and Electronic Structure of Oxygen on Ni(110)



A Seiler, C Feigerle, J Pena, Robert Celotta, Daniel T. Pierce


The d-band holes which give rise to ferromagnetism in Ni can be directly observed by spin-polarized inverse photoelectron spectroscopy (SPIPES). Only incident electrons polarized in the minority spin direction can fall into unfilled minority spin states and radiate a detected photon. On dissociative chemisorption of O2 we observe a reduction in the number of minority spin d holes. It is this change in electronic structure which gives rise to a decrease in magnetization. A background of minority and majority spin states remains essentially unchanged. Further exposure to oxygen causes formation of NiO; the surface magnetization goes to zero, and a completely different SPIPES spectrum is observed. The relative importance of d electrons and s, p electrons in chemisorptive bonding on Ni has been much discussed. These data suggest that the d states interact strongly with the oxygen and that this interaction has a profound influence on the surface magnetism.
Journal of Applied Physics


Seiler, A. , Feigerle, C. , Pena, J. , Celotta, R. and Pierce, D. (1985), Connection Between Surface Magnetism and Electronic Structure of Oxygen on Ni(110), Journal of Applied Physics (Accessed April 22, 2024)
Created December 31, 1984, Updated October 12, 2021