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Computer Development at the National Bureau of Standards



Russell A. Kirsch


The first fully operational, automatic, electronic computer in the United States was built at the National Bureau of Standards. The Standards Electronic Automatic Computer (SEAC) began productive computation in May 1950. Although originally intended as an interim computer, it had a productive life of 14 years with a profound effect on all of US Government computing, the extension of the use of computers into previously unknown applications, and the further development of computing machines in industry and academia.

NBS/NIST Classic Publication Volume


electronic computers, Standards Electronic Automatic Computer (SEAC)


Kirsch, R. (2000), Computer Development at the National Bureau of Standards, NBS/NIST Classic Publication Volume, [online], (Accessed June 21, 2024)


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Created September 1, 2000, Updated February 17, 2017