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Complete Characterization of Zener Standards at 10 V for Measurement Assurance Program (MAP)



Yi-hua D. Tang, June E. Sims


A complete characterizaiton of Zener standards for temperature, pressure, and humidity is being performed to improve the uncertainty of a Measurement Assurance Program (MAP) that uses 20 V Zeners as travelling standards. The procedure and equipment used for this work is briefly described. For the Zener standards we have tested, the temperature coefficients range from 1 nV/ω to 4 nV/ω expressed by Zener output change vs. thermistor resistance, and the pressure coefficients range from 1 nV/hPa to 20 nV/hPa. The time constant of Zener response to relative humidity change varies from days to nearly infinity. By choosing low noise and non-humidity sensitive Zeners as transfer standards and correcting for the pressure and temperature effects, the uncertainties of a MAP can be improved.
IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement


MAP, Zener standards, environmental effects, correlation functions, uncertainty, correlation functions, environmental effects, Measurement Assurance Program, Zener standards, uncertainty


Tang, Y. and Sims, J. (2001), Complete Characterization of Zener Standards at 10 V for Measurement Assurance Program (MAP), IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, [online], (Accessed February 21, 2024)
Created March 31, 2001, Updated October 12, 2021