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Comparisons of Soot Volume Fraction Measurements Using Optical and Isokinetic Sampling Techniques.



George W. Mulholland, Takashi Kashiwagi, M Y. Choi, A Hamins


In a previous study, the performance of a three-line optical probe technique for measuring soot volume fraction and temperature was assessed by conducting experiments in the path-invariant environment of a premixed flame. In that study, the temperature and soot volume fraction (fva, based on absorption measurements at 632.8 nm and fve, based on emission measurements at 900 nm and 1000 nm) measurements in a premixed ethylene/air flame were compared to the results of Harris and Weiner. Although the temperatures and mean soot volume fractions compared favorably, the discrepancy between fva and fve prompted new measurements to evaluate the importance of source wavelength on the fva measurements, scattering by soot particles, light absorption by 'large' molecules and the use of different indices of refraction reported in the literature.
Proceedings Title
Combustion Institute/Eastern States Section
Conference Dates
October 25-28, 1993
Conference Location
Princeton, NJ


soot, optical measurement, volume fraction, sampling, experiments


Mulholland, G. , Kashiwagi, T. , Choi, M. and Hamins, A. (1993), Comparisons of Soot Volume Fraction Measurements Using Optical and Isokinetic Sampling Techniques., Combustion Institute/Eastern States Section, Princeton, NJ, [online], (Accessed June 16, 2024)


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Created October 25, 1993, Updated February 17, 2017