Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

A Comparison of R245fa Pool Boiling Measurements to R123, and R245fa/Isopentane on a Passively Enhanced, Horizontal Surface

Published

Author(s)

Mark A. Kedzierski

Abstract

This study presents pool boiling heat transfer measurements for R245fa, R123 and a mixture of R245fa and isopentane on a flattened passively enhanced low-pressure boiling surface. Possibly because the enhanced surface was flattened from a round tube, its performance was sensitive to vapor seeding at start up. Consequently, the surface would operate in fully active and partially active boiling modes. The results indicate that the addition of 0.5% mass isopentane to R245fa increases the heat flux by no more than 11% greater than the heat flux of pure R245fa when the entire surface was actively boiling. By contrast, the heat flux of the R245fa/isopentane mixture was as much as 50% greater than that of pure R245fa for a partially boiling-active surface. In addition, pure R123 pool boiling data was taken on the same passively enhanced surface that was used with R245fa and the mixture. The ratio of the pure R245fa heat flux to the pure R123 heat flux was independent of the fraction of the surface that was actively boiling. This is consistent with the hypothesis that isopentane acts to enhance the site density. That is, the addition of 0.5% isopentane limits the heat transfer degradation that results from the loss of active sites by increasing the number of active sites in the actively boiling regions. From 8 kW/m2 to 100 kW/m2 and for fixed superheat, the R245fa heat flux was 27% greater than that for R123. Considering only the boiling heat transfer characteristics of R245fa, it appears to be a good replacement for R123.
Citation
International Journal of Transport Phenomena

Keywords

heat transfer, boiling behavior, isopentane, additives, refrigerants, uncertainty, heat flux, experiments, fluids

Citation

Kedzierski, M. (2006), A Comparison of R245fa Pool Boiling Measurements to R123, and R245fa/Isopentane on a Passively Enhanced, Horizontal Surface, International Journal of Transport Phenomena, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=860961 (Accessed April 18, 2024)
Created April 3, 2006, Updated February 19, 2017