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Compact and Tunable Forward Coupler Based on High-Impedance Superconducting Nanowires

Published

Author(s)

Marco Colangelo, Di Zhu, Daniel F. Santavicca, Brenden Butters, Joshua Bienfang, Karl K. Berggren

Abstract

Developing compact, low-dissipation, cryogenic-compatible microwave electronics is essential for scaling up low-temperature quantum computing systems. In this paper, we demonstrate an ultracompact microwave directional forward coupler based on high-impedance slow-wave superconducting-nanowire transmission lines. The coupling section of the fabricated device has a footprint of 416 μm2. At 4.753 GHz, the input signal couples equally to the through port and forward-coupling port (50:50) at −6.7 dB with −13.5 dB isolation. The coupling ratio can be controlled with dc bias current or temperature by exploiting the dependence of the kinetic inductance on these quantities. The material and fabrication processes are suitable for direct integration with superconducting circuits, providing a practical solution to the signal distribution bottlenecks in developing large-scale quantum computers.
Citation
Physical Review Applied
Volume
15
Issue
2

Keywords

superconducting nanowires, SNSPD, quantum computing, single-photon detectors, microwave electronics

Citation

Colangelo, M. , Zhu, D. , Santavicca, D. , Butters, B. , Bienfang, J. and Berggren, K. (2021), Compact and Tunable Forward Coupler Based on High-Impedance Superconducting Nanowires, Physical Review Applied, [online], https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevApplied.15.024064, https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=931429 (Accessed October 24, 2021)
Created February 25, 2021, Updated April 28, 2021