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Combustion pathways of biofuel model compounds: A review of recent research and current challenges pertaining to first-, second-, and third-generation biofuels

Published

Author(s)

Donald R. Burgess Jr., Carrigan J. Hayes, Jeffrey A. Manion

Abstract

In this chapter, we present a review of recent research of interest to biofuel combustion. A brief overview of chemical kinetic mechanism development is provided. We then discuss experimental and computational studies of the pyrolytic and oxidative pathways of model compounds of interest to the first-generation biofuels ethanol and biodiesel, along with an overview of current challenges in modeling these oxygenated compounds. We also describe experiments and calculations regarding reaction pathways of the small cyclic and bicyclic oxygenated systems used to model lignocellulosic (second-generation) biofuel chemistry, along with a summary of challenges in modeling these functionalized compounds. A general theme is the impact of the functional groups commonly found in first-generation and second-generation biofuels on thermochemistry and reaction pathways, compared to those of hydrocarbon fuels. We discuss recent progress with respect to third- and fourth-generation biofuels, as well as to biofuel combustion engineering challenges. We close with a discussion of efforts currently underway to facilitate biofuel chemical kinetic mechanism development.
Citation
Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry
Publisher Info
Elsevier, Amsterdam , -1

Keywords

Combustion, biofuels, first-generation, ethanol, biodiesel, second-generation, lignocellulose, oxygenates, third-generation, chemical kinetic mechanisms

Citation

Burgess, D. , Hayes, C. and Manion, J. (2015), Combustion pathways of biofuel model compounds: A review of recent research and current challenges pertaining to first-, second-, and third-generation biofuels, Elsevier, Amsterdam , -1 (Accessed April 17, 2024)
Created December 9, 2015, Updated February 19, 2017