Comb-calibrated laser ranging for three-dimensional surface profiling with micrometer-level precision at a distance
Esther Baumann, Fabrizio R. Giorgetta, Jean-Daniel Deschenes, William C. Swann, Ian R. Coddington, Nathan R. Newbury
Non-contact surface mapping at a distance is interesting in diverse applications including industrial metrology, manufacturing, forensics, and artifact documentation and preservation. Frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) laser detection and ranging (LADAR) is a promising approach since it offers shot-noise limited precision/accuracy, high resolution and high sensitivity. We demonstrate a scanning imaging system based on a frequency-comb calibrated FMCW LADAR and real-time digital signal processing. This system can obtain three-dimensional images of a diffusely scattering surface at stand-off distances up to 10.5 m with sub-micrometer accuracy and with a precision below 10 µm, limited by fundamental speckle noise. Because of its shotnoise limited sensitivity, this comb-calibrated FMCW LADAR has a large dynamic range, which enables precise mapping of scenes with vastly differing reflectivities such as metal, dirt or vegetation. The current system is implemented with fiber-optic components, but the basic system architecture is compatible with future optically integrated, on-chip systems. Work of the US government and not subject to copyright.
, Giorgetta, F.
, Deschenes, J.
, Swann, W.
, Coddington, I.
and Newbury, N.
Comb-calibrated laser ranging for three-dimensional surface profiling with micrometer-level precision at a distance, Applied Optics, [online], https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.024914
(Accessed August 15, 2022)