Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Cognitive Information Measurements: A New Perspective



Hamid Gharavi


From a traditional point of view, the value of information does not change during transmission. The Shannon information theory considers information transmission as a statistical phenomenon for measuring the communication channel capacity. However, in modern communication systems, information is spontaneously embedded with a cognitive link during the transmission process, which requires a new measurement that can incorporate continuously changing information value. In this paper, we introduce the concept of cognitive information value and a method of measuring such information. We first describe the characteristics of cognitive information followed by an introduction of the concept of cognitive information in measuring information popularity. The new measurement is based on the mailbox principle in the information value chain. This is achieved by encapsulating the information as a mailbox for transmission where the cognition is continuously implemented during the transmission process. Finally, we set up a cognitive communication system based on a combination of the traditional communication system and cognitive computing. Experimental results attest to the impact of incorporating cognitive value in the performance of 5G networks.
Information Sciences


5G network, information theory, cognitive computing


Gharavi, H. (2019), Cognitive Information Measurements: A New Perspective, Information Sciences, [online], (Accessed July 20, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created December 1, 2019, Updated September 23, 2019