Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Coexistence of Superconductivity and Short-Range Double-Stripe Spin Correlations in Te-Vapor Annealed FeTe1-xSex (X less than or equal to} 0.2)



Zhijun Xu, J. A. Schneeloch, Ming Yi, Yang Zhao, Masaaki Matsuda, D. M. Pajerowski, Songxue Chi, R. J. Birgeneau, Genda Gu, J. M. Tranquada, Guangyong Xu


In as-grown bulk crystals of Fe1+yTe1-xSex with x less than or equal to} 0.3, excess Fe (y>0) is inevitable and correlates with a suppression of superconductivity. At the same time, there remains the question as to whether the character of the antiferromagnetic correlations associated with the enhanced anion height above the Fe planes in Te-rich samples is compatible with superconductivity. To test this, we have annealed as-grown crystals with x = 0.1 and 0.2 in Te vapor, effectively reducing the excess Fe and inducing bulk superconductivity. Inelastic neutron scattering measurements reveal low-energy magnetic excitations consistent with short-range correlations of the double-stripe type: nevertheless, cooling into the superconducting state results in a spin gap and a spin resonance, with the extra signal in the resonance being short-range with a mixed single-stripe/double-stripe character, which is different than other iron-based superconductors. The mixed magnetic character of these superconducting samples does not appear to be trivially explainable by inhomogeneity.
Physical Review B


iron superconductor, inelastic neutron scattering


Xu, Z. , Schneeloch, J. , Yi, M. , Zhao, Y. , Matsuda, M. , Pajerowski, D. , Chi, S. , Birgeneau, R. , Gu, G. , Tranquada, J. and Xu, G. (2018), Coexistence of Superconductivity and Short-Range Double-Stripe Spin Correlations in Te-Vapor Annealed FeTe<sub>1-x</sub>Se<sub>x</sub> (X {less than or equal to} 0.2), Physical Review B, [online], (Accessed September 26, 2023)
Created June 13, 2018, Updated October 12, 2021