Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

CO2 electrolysis to multicarbon products at activities greater than 1 A cm(-2)

Published

Author(s)

Lee J. Richter, Ahmad R. Kirmani, F. P. Garcia de Arquer, Cao-Thang Dinh, Adnan Ozden, Joshua Wicks, Christopher McCallum, Gabardo M. Christine, Ali Seifitokaldani, Xue Wang, Yuguang C. Li, Fengwang Li, Jonathan Edwards, Steven J. Thorpe, David Sinton, Edward H. Sargent, Nam Dae-Hyun, Dae-Hyun Nam

Abstract

Electrolysis offers an attractive route to upgrade greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2) to valuable fuels and feedstocks; however, productivity is often limited by gas diffusion through a liquid electrolyte to the surface of the catalyst. Here, we present a catalyst:ionomer bulk heterojunction (CIBH) architecture that decouples gas, ion, and electron transport. The CIBH comprises a metal and a superfine ionomer layer with hydrophobic and hydrophilic functionalities that extend gas and ion transport from tens of nanometers to the micrometer scale. By applying this design strategy, we achieved CO2 electroreduction on copper in 7 M potassium hydroxide electrolyte (pH approximate to 15) with an ethylene partial current density of 1.3 amperes per square centimeter at 45% cathodic energy efficiency.
Citation
Science
Volume
367
Issue
6478
Created December 23, 2019, Updated April 14, 2020