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The Clinical Effect of Amorphous Calcium Phosphate (ACP) on Root Surface Hypersensitivity

Published

Author(s)

S B. Geiger, S Matalon, Joe Blasic, Ming L. Tang, F Eichmiller

Abstract

ntin hypersensitivity is a transient condition that often resolves with the natural sclerotic obturation of dentin tubules. A method of rapidly forming calcium phosphate compounds within tubules can mimic sclerosis and lead to rapid reduction in hypersensitivity. Amorphous calcium phosphates (ACP) can be formed in situ by the sequential application of calcium and phosphate solutions. In this clinical study, thirty patients with reported dentin hypersensitivity were randomly assigned to parallel treatment or placebo groups. In the experimental treatment group, ACP was formed by topical application of a 1.5 mol/L aqueous solution of CaCl2 followed by topical application of 1.0 mol/L aqueous K3PO4. The placebo group was treated with a topical application of 1.0 mol/L aqueous solution of KCl followed by topical application of distilled water. Treatments were repeated at the 7-day and 28-day recall appointments.Response to air and tactile stimuli were measured immediately before treatment using a visual analog scale initially on day 1, at 7 days, 28 days and at 180 days. The results showed that both the experimental and placebo treatments resulted in a reduction in hypersensitivity at 180 days. However, the ACP treatment group showed a much more rapid reduction in hypersensitivity over time. The change in sensitivity was much more apparent using the air stimulus than the tactile stimulus. These results show that topical placement of ACP can rapidly reduce dentin hypersensitivity.
Citation
Operative Dentistry
Volume
28
Issue
No. 5

Keywords

air stimulus, amorphous calcium phosphate, dentin sensitivity, obturation of dentin tubules, remineralization, tactile stimulus

Citation

Geiger, S. , Matalon, S. , Blasic, J. , Tang, M. and Eichmiller, F. (2003), The Clinical Effect of Amorphous Calcium Phosphate (ACP) on Root Surface Hypersensitivity, Operative Dentistry (Accessed July 20, 2024)

Issues

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Created September 1, 2003, Updated February 17, 2017