Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Chemistry of NO2 on CeO2 and MgO: Experimental and Theorectical Studies on the Formation of NO3

Published

Author(s)

J A. Rodriguez, T Jirsak, S Sambasivan, Daniel A. Fischer, A Maiti

Abstract

In environmental catalysis the destruction or removal of nitrogen oxides (DeNOx process) is receiving a lot of attention. Synchrotron-based x-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy, high-resolution photoemission, and first-principles density-functional calculations (DFT-GGA) were used to study the interaction of nitrogen dioxide with CeO2 and MgO. The only product of the reaction of NO2 with pure CeO2 at 300 K is adsorbed nitrate. The NO3 is a thermally stable species which mostly decomposes at temperatures between 450 and 600 K. For the adsorption of NO2 on partially reduced ceria (CeO2-x), there is a full decomposition of the adsorbate and a mixture of N, NO and NO3 coexists on the surface of the oxide at room temperature Ce3+ cations can assist in the transformation of NO and NO2 in DeNOx operations. Adsorbed NO2 and NO3 (main product) are observed after exposing MgO to NO2. A partial NO2,ads -> NO3,ads transformation is observed on MgO(100) from 150 to 300 K. DFT-GGA calculations show strong bonding interactions for NO2 on Mg sites of this surface, and discoordination via O,O is more favarable energetically than monocoordination via N. The NO2,ads species disappears from magnesium oxide at temperatures below 600 K, whereas part of the NO3,ads is stable up to temperatures near 800 K. MgO can be very useful as a sorbent for trapping NO2. A general trend is found after comparing the chemical behavior of NO2 on different types of oxides (CeO2, MgO, TiO2, Fe2O3, CuO, ZnO). On all these systems, the main product after adsorbing NO2 at 300 K is nitrate with minor amounts of chemisorbed NO2 and no signs of full decomposition of the adsorbate. This trend and the results of DFT-GGA calculations indicate that NO2 is very efficient for the nitration (i.e. formation of NO3 as a ligand) of metal centers that are missing O neighbors in oxide surfaces.
Citation
Journal of Chemical Times
Volume
112
Issue
No. 22

Keywords

cerium oxide, intermediates, magnesium oxide, nitorgen oxides, photoemission, soft x-ray, surface science

Citation

Rodriguez, J. , Jirsak, T. , Sambasivan, S. , Fischer, D. and Maiti, A. (2000), Chemistry of NO<sub>2</sub> on CeO<sub>2</sub> and MgO: Experimental and Theorectical Studies on the Formation of NO<sub>3</sub>, Journal of Chemical Times (Accessed June 22, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created May 31, 2000, Updated October 12, 2021