Characterization of Residential Distributed Energy Resource Potential to Provide Ancillary Services

Published: October 10, 2018

Author(s)

David G. Holmberg, Farhad Omar

Abstract

This report reviews a set of electric grid ancillary services and analyzes the technical potential for residential devices to provide those services. A set of common residential devices are evaluated against six indicators of capability: flexibility, availability, fast response, reserves, reactive power, and power level. Based on these indicators of capability, three scores are developed to express the potential of a device to provide frequency response, reserves and reactive power services. These scores are additionally used to estimate how many of each device might be required, in aggregation, to provide a meaningful level of each of these three ancillary services to the grid. This report also provides a review of some existing programs and pilots where residential devices are used to provide ancillary services. Lastly, the report provides insights on a continued path to increased integration of residential devices for ancillary services provision.
Citation: Special Publication (NIST SP) - 1900-601
Report Number:
1900-601
Pub Type: NIST Pubs

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Keywords

ancillary services, electric grid, frequency control, frequency response, reactive power, regulation, reserves, residential devices, voltage control
Created October 10, 2018, Updated October 10, 2018