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Characteristics of Pool Fire Burning



Anthony P. Hamins, Takashi Kashiwagi, R Buch


The structure and energetics of hydrocarbons burning in a pool fire configuration are reviewed. Examples of non-hydrocarbons are also presented. The character and structure of pool fires are discussed with special regard to the flame shape, flame pulsation frequency, flame height, and the detailed flame structure. An enthalpy balance about the flame considers enthalpy losses to the surroundings due to radiation, convection of sensible heat, and combustion efficiency considerations. The power radiated from a flame as a function of burner diameter is discussed. An enthalpy balance about the pool surface partitions the heat feedback into conduction, convection, and radiation. This enthalpy is part of a positive feedback loop which goes to vaporize the fuel. Differences between field and zone models are discussed.
Proceedings Title
American Resistance of Industrial Fluids
Conference Dates
June 20, 1995
Conference Location
Indianapolis, IN
Conference Title
Fire Resistance of Industrial Fluids


pool fires, burning rate, flame height, radiative heat transfer


Hamins, A. , Kashiwagi, T. and Buch, R. (1995), Characteristics of Pool Fire Burning, American Resistance of Industrial Fluids, Indianapolis, IN, [online], (Accessed April 16, 2024)
Created June 20, 1995, Updated February 19, 2017