Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Canadian Mass Fire Experiment, 1989.

Published

Author(s)

J G. Quintiere

Abstract

Working with Forestry Canada and the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, the Defense Nuclear Agency carried out an extensively instrumented experiment of a prescribed burn in forest debris to simulate conditions of a mass fire. In addition to the Canadian team, a multi-institutional US team made both ground and airborne measurements of the fire and smoke conditions. The fire reported on was in Hill Township, Ontario and covered nearly 480 in its overrall burning area. Both flaming and smoldering modes contributed to the energy and combustion products of this fire. Significant quantities measured and determined included estimations of energy release rate, emission factors for smoke particulates and species, ground level wind and temperatures, and aspects of cloud dynamics and cloud particles. The fire caused a capping cloud to form and reach a level of 6.5 km. Rain, snow, hail and lightning were reported along with ground level fire whirls and water spouts on the adjoining lakes. Fire spread rates reached 1 m/s and fire induced winds reached 12 m/s.
Citation
Journal of Fire Protection Engineering
Publisher Info
, -1

Keywords

mass fires, energy transfer, forest fires, smoke emissions, natural resources

Citation

Quintiere, J. (1990), Canadian Mass Fire Experiment, 1989., Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, , -1, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=916853 (Accessed April 20, 2024)
Created November 1, 1990, Updated February 17, 2017