Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Broadband high-energy resolution hard x-ray spectroscopy using transition edge sensors at SPring-8



Shinya Yamada, Yuto Ichinohe, Hideyuki Tatsuno, Ryota Hayakawa, Hirotaka Suda, Takaya Ohashi, Yoshitaka Ishisaki, Tomoya Uruga, Oki Sekizawa, Kiyofumi Nitta, Yoshio Takahashi, Takaaki Itai, Hiroki Suga, Makoto Nagasawa, Masato Tanaka, Minako Kurisu, Tadashi Hashimoto, Douglas Bennett, Edward V. Denison, W.Bertrand (Randy) Doriese, Malcolm Durkin, Joseph Fowler, Galen O'Neil, Kelsey Morgan, Dan Schmidt, Daniel Swetz, Joel Ullom, Leila R. Vale, Shinji Okada, Takuma Okumura, Toshiyuki Azuma, Toru Tamagawa, Tadaaki Isobe, Satoshi Kohjiro, Hirofumi Noda, Keigo Tanaka, Akimichi Taguchi, Yuki Imai, Kosuke Sato, Tasuku Hayashi, Teruhiko Kashiwabara, Kohei Sakata


We have succeeded in operating a transition-edge sensor (TES) spectrometer and evaluating its performance at the SPring-8 synchrotron x-ray light source. The TES spectrometer consists of a 240 pixel National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) TES system, and 220 pixels are operated simultaneously with an energy resolution of 4 eV at 6 keV at a rate of ∼1 c/s pixel−1. The tolerance for high count rates is evaluated in terms of energy resolution and live time fraction, leading to an empirical compromise of ∼2 x 103 c/s (all pixels) with an energy resolution of 5 eV at 6 keV. By utilizing the TES's wideband spectroscopic capability, simultaneous multi-element analysis is demonstrated for a standard sample. We conducted x-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) analysis in fluorescence mode using the TES spectrometer. The excellent energy resolution of the TES enabled us to detect weak fluorescence lines from dilute samples and trace elements that have previously been difficult to resolve due to the nearly overlapping emission lines of other dominant elements. The neighboring lines of As Kα and Pb Lα2 of the standard sample were clearly resolved, and the XANES of Pb Lα2 was obtained. Moreover, the x-ray spectrum from the small amount of Fe in aerosols was distinguished from the spectrum of a blank target, which helps us to understand the targets and the environment. These results are the first important step for the application of high resolution TES- based spectroscopy at hard x-ray synchrotron facilities.
Review of Scientific Instruments


Transition-edge sensors, TES, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, synchrotron X-ray spectroscopy, simultaneous multi-element analysis, x-ray absorption near-edge structure, XANES


Yamada, S. , Ichinohe, Y. , Tatsuno, H. , Hayakawa, R. , Suda, H. , Ohashi, T. , Ishisaki, Y. , Uruga, T. , Sekizawa, O. , Nitta, K. , Takahashi, Y. , Itai, T. , Suga, H. , Nagasawa, M. , Tanaka, M. , Kurisu, M. , Hashimoto, T. , Bennett, D. , Denison, E. , Doriese, W. , Durkin, M. , Fowler, J. , O'Neil, G. , Morgan, K. , Schmidt, D. , Swetz, D. , Ullom, J. , Vale, L. , Okada, S. , Okumura, T. , Azuma, T. , Tamagawa, T. , Isobe, T. , Kohjiro, S. , Noda, H. , Tanaka, K. , Taguchi, A. , Imai, Y. , Sato, K. , Hayashi, T. , Kashiwabara, T. and Sakata, K. (2021), Broadband high-energy resolution hard x-ray spectroscopy using transition edge sensors at SPring-8, Review of Scientific Instruments, [online],, (Accessed July 22, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created January 11, 2021, Updated October 12, 2021