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Bound-state-in-continuum guided modes in a multilayer electro-optically active photonic integrated circuit platform.



Kyunghun Han, Thomas W. LeBrun, Vladimir Aksyuk


In many physical systems, the interaction with an open environment leads to energy dissipation and reduced coherence, making it challenging to control these systems effectively. In the context of wave phenomena, such lossy interactions can be specifically controlled to isolate the system, a condition known as a bound-state-in-continuum (BIC). Despite the recent advances in engineered BICs for photonic waveguiding, practical implementations are still largely polarization- and geometry-specific, and the underlying principles remain to be systematically explored. Here, we theoretically and experimentally study low-loss BIC photonic waveguiding within a two-layer heterogeneous electro-optically active integrated photonic platform. We show that coupling to the slab wave continuum can be selectively suppressed for guided modes with different polarizations and spatial structure. We demonstrate a low-loss same-polarization quasi-BIC guided mode enabling a high extinction Mach–Zehnder electro-optic amplitude modulator within a single Si3N4 ridge waveguide integrated with an extended LiNbO3 slab layer. By elucidating the broad BIC waveguiding principles and demonstrating them in an industry-relevant photonic configuration, this work may inspire innovative approaches to photonic applications such as switching and filtering. The broader impact of this work extends beyond photonics, influencing research in other wave dynamics disciplines, including microwave and acoustics.


silicon nitride, lithium niobate, BIC


Han, K. , LeBrun, T. and Aksyuk, V. (2024), Bound-state-in-continuum guided modes in a multilayer electro-optically active photonic integrated circuit platform., Optica, [online],, (Accessed June 24, 2024)


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Created May 17, 2024, Updated May 29, 2024