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Bose-Einstein Condensates in Artificial Gauge Fields

Published

Author(s)

Ian B. Spielman, Lindsay LeBlanc

Abstract

Quantum mechanically, static or applied gauge fields manifest themselves by directly coupling to a system's phase. Artificial gauge field techniques manipulate the phase of a Bose-Einstein condensates's order parameter, yielding effects present in condensed matter systems subject to magnetic fields, electric fields, or spin-orbit coupling. In this chapter, we explore the impact of these artificial gauge fields on Bose-Einstein condensates and explain the consequences. Several analogues to traditional condensed matter systems are enabled by these techniques, including the Hall effect, superfluid vortex nucleation in systems with artificial magnetic fields and magnetic-like phase transitions in systems with spin-orbit coupling
Citation
Universal Themes of Bose-Einstein Condensation
Publisher Info
Oxford University Press, Oxford, -1

Keywords

artificial gauge field, Bose Einstein Condensate, Hofstadter

Citation

Spielman, I. and LeBlanc, L. (2017), Bose-Einstein Condensates in Artificial Gauge Fields, Universal Themes of Bose-Einstein Condensation, Oxford University Press, Oxford, -1 (Accessed May 22, 2024)

Issues

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Created May 1, 2017, Updated May 9, 2017