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Behavior of Composite Floor Assemblies Subject to Fire: Influence of Slab Reinforcement

Published

Author(s)

Lisa Choe, Selvarajah Ramesh, Chao Zhang, Charles Clifton

Abstract

A series of fire experiments are being conducted on the 2-story steel framed building with composite floors in the National Fire Research Laboratory. This paper presents a brief overview of experimental design and discusses some results of the first test conducted on 6.1 m by 9.1 m composite floor assembly exposed to a standard fire. The test floor slab was constructed with lightweight concrete cast on 7.7 cm deep formed steel deck units and welded wire fabric (60 mm/m2) as the minimum shrinkage reinforcement required in the U.S. practice. The structural steel beams and girders were sprayed with a cementitious fire resistive material for a 2-hour restrained fire resistance rating. While the test floor assembly resisted mechanical loads (2.7 kN/m2) applied using hydraulic actuators, its underside was exposed to a natural gas-fueled compartment fire that was equivalent to the standard gas temperature-time relationship. The study revealed that the test floor assembly could withstand an imposed load at a large vertical deflection on the order of span / 16, but the concrete slab failed due to limited ductility and strength prior to 2 hours in a standard fire. Simple post-test predictions were performed incorporating tensile membrane action in the floor slab to compare with the measured behavior. Limited comparisons discuss the contribution of steel decking and slab reinforcement to the load-carrying capacity of a floor assembly in fire.
Proceedings Title
Special Issue: Eurosteel 2021 Sheffield - Steel's coming home
Volume
4
Issue
2-4
Conference Dates
September 9-11, 2021
Conference Location
Sheffield, UK

Keywords

Composite floors, compartment fires, standard fires, fire resistance

Citation

Choe, L. , Ramesh, S. , Zhang, C. and Clifton, C. (2021), Behavior of Composite Floor Assemblies Subject to Fire: Influence of Slab Reinforcement, Special Issue: Eurosteel 2021 Sheffield - Steel's coming home, Sheffield, UK, [online], https://doi.org/10.1002/cepa.1431, https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=931245 (Accessed October 17, 2021)
Created September 1, 2021, Updated October 14, 2021