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Asymptotically Optimal Confidences for Rejecting Local Realism

Published

Author(s)

Yanbao Zhang, Scott Glancy, Emanuel Knill

Abstract

Reliable experimental demonstrations of violations of local realism are highly desirable for fundamental tests of Quantum Mechanics. Such violations can be quantified in terms of a confidence for rejecting local realism. We propose a method for computing such a rejection confidence with a prediction-based ratio (PBR) test. PBR-based confidences are valid even if the prepared quantum state varies arbitrarily and the best local realistic model depends on previous measurement settings and outcomes. It is therefore not subject to loopholes such as the memory loophole [J. Barrett \emphet al.}, Phys. Rev. A \textbf66}, 042111 (2002)]. If the prepared state does not vary in time, the rejection confidence is asymptotically optimal. For comparison, we consider confidences derived from the number of standard deviations of violation of a Bell inequality and from martingale theory [R. Gill, arXiv:quant-ph/0110137]. We find that confidence values derived from the former can be too high, while those derived from the latter are pessimistic. PBR-based confidences are independent of Bell inequalities and provide an absolute measure for comparing experimental results from tests of local realism.
Citation
Physical Review A
Volume
84
Issue
6

Keywords

local realism, Bell test, hypothesis test, software documentation

Citation

Zhang, Y. , Glancy, S. and Knill, E. (2011), Asymptotically Optimal Confidences for Rejecting Local Realism, Physical Review A, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=909036 (Accessed July 16, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created December 21, 2011, Updated October 12, 2021