Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Artifacts in magnetic measurements of fluid samples



Cindi L. Dennis, Zoe A. Boekelheide


Applications of magnetic fluids are ever increasing, as well as the corresponding need to be able to characterize these fluids in situ. Commercial magnetometers are accurate and well-characterized for solid and powder samples, but their use with fluid samples is more limited. Here, we describe artifacts which can occur in magnetic measurements of fluid samples and their impact. The most critical problem in the measurement of fluid samples is the dynamic nature of the sample position and size/shape. Methods to reduce these artifacts are also discussed, such as removal of air bubbles and dynamic centering.
AIP Advances


magnetic fluids, magnetic nanoparticles, magnetic microparticles, artifacts, hysteresis loops


Dennis, C. and Boekelheide, Z. (2016), Artifacts in magnetic measurements of fluid samples, AIP Advances (Accessed June 21, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created August 24, 2016, Updated March 20, 2017