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Annealing Effects on the Coercivity of SmCo5 Nanoparticles



K Chowdary, A K. Giri, K Pellerin, S. A. Majetich, J H. Scott


The enhanced coercivity of ball milled nanoparticles of SmCo5 has been attributed to the reduced particle size, but the milling process introduces additional strain which can also affect the coercivity. Here the effects of size and strain are decoupled from each other using a combination of x-ray diffraction, electron microscopy, and coercivity measurements. Ball milled SmCo5 nanoparticles were annealed under different temperature, time, and atmospheric conditions to minimize the strain without chemically altering the sample, and with minimum grain growth and sintering. X-ray diffraction was used to determine if phase changes had occurred, and to monitor the average grain size and strain. From scanning electron microscopy log-normal size distributions were found and no evidence of sintering was revealed. The sample coercivities were measured by SQUID magnetometry following annealing.
Applied Physics
No. 8B


fine particle magnetism, magnetic nanoparticles, strain broadening, x-ray diffraction


Chowdary, K. , Giri, A. , Pellerin, K. , Majetich, S. and Scott, J. (1999), Annealing Effects on the Coercivity of SmCo<sub>5</sub> Nanoparticles, Applied Physics (Accessed May 25, 2024)


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Created June 1, 1999, Updated February 17, 2017