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Additive Manufacturing Data Integration and Recommended Practice

Published

Author(s)

Yan Lu, Milica Perisic, Albert T. Jones

Abstract

Additive manufacturing (AM) creates parts layer by layer directly from three-dimensional computer-aided design data. Building in layers allows the fabrication of complex geometric shapes as well as functionally graded materials. Despite the part-quality and process-control challenges, the AM process has proven capable of producing production- quality parts and its applications have evolved from rapid prototyping to industrial commercialization. According to Wohler's report [1], AM has already been commercialized as a routine, production technology in aerospace, automotive, medical and consumer products sectors. In-process monitoring, non-destructive evaluation techniques and data-driven decision makings were the keys to offsetting many, but not all, the technological barriers ahead of industrialization, for example, poor part quality, lengthy part qualification and the corresponding high production cost. The success of AM for industrialization relies on streamlining AM development and deployment processes and integrating AM systems and their operations into existing manufacturing automation and management systems. As of today, many AM systems and their software tools are still very isolated. Data has seldom been reused within departments, opportunities for data sharing within enterprises has been missed and collaboration across organizations has generally only taken place at the surface. Integrated AM operations in product lifecycle and supply chain require seamless data integration across multiple domains – product, material, and machine. Fortunately, AM data integration can leverage existing manufacturing-information technologies boosted by emerging, digital-twin technologies. In this chapter, we first introduce AM-specific data-integration scenarios followed by a reference framework that captures various AM sensor-data sources and system-integration mechanisms.
Citation
ASM Handbook 24A: Additive Manufacturing Design and Applications
Volume
24A
Publisher Info
ASM International, Materials Park, OH

Keywords

Additive Manufacturing, data integration

Citation

Lu, Y. , Perišić, M. and Jones, A. (2023), Additive Manufacturing Data Integration and Recommended Practice, ASM Handbook 24A: Additive Manufacturing Design and Applications, ASM International, Materials Park, OH, [online], https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006965, https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=934786 (Accessed April 19, 2024)
Created June 30, 2023, Updated February 29, 2024