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AC-DC Transfer Standard Measurements and Generalized Compensation with the AC Josephson Voltage Standard



Oliver F. kieler, Regis Landim, Samuel Benz, Paul Dresselhaus, Charles J. Burroughs


This paper presents ac-dc transfer standard measurements using the NIST pulse-driven ac Josephson voltage standard source. We have investigated the frequency dependence for several output voltages up to 200 mV for frequencies from 2.5 kHz to 100 kHz. We found that as the frequency increases, the ac-dc differences for the two arrays on the same chip do not agree. We explored this deviation in ac-dc difference for the two arrays by investigating different configurations of the probe cabling and wiring, chip carriers, and on-chip circuit design. We found that the circuit design for the highest output voltages (200 mV) produced the greatest improvement, especially at the highest frequency (100 kHz), where the deviation in ac-dc difference was reduced by more than 60%. In this paper, we also demonstrate 10-fold higher output voltages and improved operating margins for arbitrary (non-sinusoidal) waveforms. These enhancements were accomplished by implementing a more general current bias to the arrays having the same harmonic content as that of the synthesized arbitrary waveform.
IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement


AC metrology, Josephson voltage standard, precision ac source, quantum standards


kieler, O. , Landim, R. , Benz, S. , Dresselhaus, P. and Burroughs, C. (2008), AC-DC Transfer Standard Measurements and Generalized Compensation with the AC Josephson Voltage Standard, IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, [online], (Accessed July 21, 2024)


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Created March 31, 2008, Updated October 12, 2021