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1V and 10V SNS Programmable Voltage Standards for 70 GHz



Franz Mueller, Ralf Behr, T. Weimann, Luis Palafox, David I. Olaya, Paul Dresselhaus, Samuel Benz


Programmable Josephson voltage standards (PJVSs) in combination with fast switchable DC current sources have opened up new applications in the field of low frequency AC metrology. The growing interest in output voltages of up to 10 V initiated efforts by several National Metrological Institutes to realize 10 V PJVSs. Presently, only 10 V PJVSs from PTB based on SINIS junctions have been successfully incorporated into existing setups for AC metrology. However, the fabrication of 10 V SINIS arrays which are driven at 70 GHz suffers from very low yield. The recent technological progress made at NIST enabled the drop-in replacement of the low-yield SINIS arrays by more robust SNS arrays. The N-material is an amorphous NbxSi1-x alloy near the metal-insulator transition and is deposited by co-sputtering. For the first time, fully operational 1 V and 10 V PJVSs with SNS junctions that are suitable for a 70 GHz drive have been fabricated and tested. This work was done in close cooperation between NIST and PTB.
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity


Josephson arrays, Programmable Josephson voltage standard, AC Josephson voltage standard, SINIS junction, SNS junction


Mueller, F. , Behr, R. , Weimann, T. , Palafox, L. , Olaya, D. , Dresselhaus, P. and Benz, S. (2009), 1V and 10V SNS Programmable Voltage Standards for 70 GHz, IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, [online], (Accessed May 24, 2024)


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Created June 2, 2009, Updated October 12, 2021